Corona exit strategy totally depends on getting vaccine to the whole world

Corona Virus Vaccine

Coming up with a vaccine is not the only major challenge. The next big test: getting billions of doses in every corner of the world at a time when countries are increasingly serving their own interests.

Several types of financing instruments are under consideration to produce large quantities of potential vaccines and ensure that they are evenly distributed. In an arrangement, developers would agree to provide shots at cheaper prices in exchange for financing commitments from governments or other donors. Of coronovirus


The stakes are immense, making more than 3 million people sick, even hiding from billions of pathogens. Health advocates are concerned about the rich countries having a monopoly on the global supply of Covid-19 vaccines, if companies are successful, a scenario that played out during the 2009 swine flu epidemic. The distribution of shots widely, he says, is simply not right to do. It is also important in preventing the spread of contagion.


"There is a lot of awareness of potential injustice and further inequality," said Gavin Yami, director of Duke University's Center for Policy Impact in Global Health. "There is little awareness of the critical assumption that you really need to allocate to the vaccine that makes public-health sense."


Lack of access to important medicines and vaccines is a perennial issue for the world's poor. More than two decades ago, the high price of HIV drugs caused outrage for millions of people in Africa and other regions who could not afford them, leading to much later programs to help those populations. With Covid-19, the concern is that rich countries will pursue their interests in the face of global unity. French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel joined the World Health Organization last week for the proper distribution of vaccines. "It has the potential to get very ugly," said Michael Kinch, a vaccine specialist and Associate Vice Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis. "There is going to be a gap between when we have the vaccine and when we have the capacity to protect 7 billion people."


With Covid-19, the concern is that rich countries will pursue their interests in the face of global unity. French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel joined the World Health Organization last week for the proper distribution of vaccines.


"It has the potential to get very ugly," said Michael Kinch, a vaccine specialist and Associate Vice Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis. "There is going to be a gap between when we have the vaccine and when we have the capacity to protect 7 billion people."


Still, he said, "there are ways to shut it down," such as building manufacturing facilities around the world. The Alliance for Epidemic Preparation Innovations, an Oslo-based group that finances several experimental coronavirus vaccines, has stated that the goal.


According to Chief Executive Officer Richard Hatchet, the alliance sees promise in so-called advance market commitments. In that type of program, donors are promised money to guarantee the price of vaccines once they are developed. CEPI is in talks with other organizations, including the World Bank, which is exploring how to establish such agreements.


"The virus does not respect boundaries and it cuts across all sections of society and all age groups," Hatchet said. "There seems to be a rapidly evolving consensus about the importance of actually delivering a vaccine to all countries as soon as it becomes available."


Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, a group that works to prevent the disease in poor countries, established a similar system to deal with Ebola in Africa. The non-beneficiary signed an advance purchase commitment with Merck & Co., creating a repository of supplements used in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Merck initially agreed to provide 300,000 doses of the vaccine available for use in extended clinical trials or on emergency basis, while development continued.


In a deal with Gavi over a decade ago, Pfizer Inc. And GlaxoSmithKline Plc slashed the price of its pneumonia vaccine by 90% in developing countries, pledging to supply 30 million doses every decade.


According to Joe Serrell, managing director of global policy and advocacy at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the manufacture and supply of vaccines is expected to be an unprecedented dynamic to meet global demand. He said the required dose could cost $ 25 billion.


"Time is not on our side," he said by phone. "We don't have a year or more to figure it out."


The International Finance Facility for Immunization, which raises money to buy and deliver vaccines by selling bonds, is another option that can work with Covid-19, Serrell said. The group performed funds through Gavi.


Yami of Duke said, "There are new types of equipment to take long vows and convert them into front-loaded cash." "Now we will need large amounts of money."


Sanofi, Johnson & Johnson & Moderna Inc. Dozens of companies are in the race to come up with the vaccine, as well as researchers at institutions ranging from Oxford University to Oxford University to Oxford University.


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According to Chief Executive Officer Emma Walmsley, London-based Glaxo, one of the largest hunting companies, is in talks with governments on the supply issue.

"We think it needs to be a global approach," she told reporters. "We are looking forward to conversations that parallel and advance data completion, and we look forward to collaborating with governments to be part of the solution."


An important part of a vaccine exit strategy is the lack of a global system for managing delivery in crisis in the world, Gail Smith, who leads a campaign, an advocacy group. He said that during more than a decade during the flu epidemic, the wealthier countries secured a larger share of supplies before trying to allocate shots to the rest of the world.


She said that this important vaccine is "equally and equally available everywhere". "We can't think of anything about this epidemic that simply exists within our own borders."

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